AMERICAN RECONSTRUCTION — DASHED DREAMS AND HARSH REALITIES

  • THE BRITISH AND JAMESTOWN (1607)
    • CLAIM MADE VIA JOHN CABOT SAILED IN 1497 (5 YEARS AFTER COLUMBUS)
    • BUILDING WAS SLOW IN JAMESTOWN (HARSH CONDITIONS)
      • PREDICTABLE CONSIDERING ROANOKE FAILURE
    • VIRGINIA COMPANY OF LONDON (JOINT-STOCK COMPANY)
      • CHESAPEAKE REGION (VIRGINIA — NAMED AFTER QUEEN ELIZABETH I)
      • INVESTORS HOPED FOR?
        • GOLD
        • TRADING WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
        • LUMBER
        • CASH CROPS
          • RICE, SUGAR, SILK (NONE COULD BE PRODUCED IN BRITAIN)
          • TOBACCO BECAME THE PRIMARY CASH CROP
            • EUROPEANS WERE ADDICTED TO IT
          • GROWING OF TOBACCO WAS LABOR INTENSIVE
        • TOBACCO GROWTH REQUIRED AN INFUSION OF WORKERS
          • NATIVE AMERICANS
            • PROBLEMS WITH THE USE OF INDIGENOUS POPULATION
          • CARIBBEAN SUGAR PRODUCTION OPERATIONS
            • RELIED UPON STOLEN AFRICANS TO FULFILL THEIR LABOR NEEDS
            • WHY WAS THE AFRICAN A GREAT CHOICE?
          • BRITISH TURNED TO INDENTURED SERVITUDE TO MEET THEIR LABOR NEEDS
            • WHAT IS AN INDENTURED SERVANT?
            • WHAT CAUSED THIS POPULATION EXISTENCE IN BRITAIN?
            • PROBLEMS WITH INDENTURED SERVANTS IN JAMESTOWN?
          • THE ARRIVAL OF AFRICANS TO THE NORTH AMERICAN CONTINENT
            • Luis Vasquez de Ayllon (1526) brought 100 Africans with him from Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic)
              • Ayllon attempted to establish a colony in Georgetown, SC
            • Africans accompanied Hernando de Soto (Spanish) on an expedition from Fl. to the Mississippi River.
            • Africans help construct St. Augustine (Fl.) the oldest city in the U.S.
          • AFRICANS ARRIVAL IN JAMESTOWN
            • 32 PERSONS (15 {M} & 17 {F}) OF AFRICAN DESCENT ARE IN JAMESTOWN BY 1619
            • “THE FIRST 20” WERE TAKEN OFF A PORTUGESE SHIP HEADED FOR VERA CRUZ, MEXICO
              • SHIP WAS HIJACKED BY THE DUTCH AND A ENGLISH SHIP, 20 ANGOLANS WERE SOLD TO THE COLONY
              • THE ANGOLANS BECAME SERVANTS TO JAMESTOWN OFFICIALS AND POWERFUL PLANTERS
            • WHAT WAS THEIR STATUS?
              • THEY WERE “UNFREE”, YET NOT SLAVES — WHY?
                • THE ENGLISH — UNLIKE THE PORTUGESE AND SPANISH — HAD NO LAW FOR SLAVERY
                • THE ANGOLANS HAD BEEN CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY BY THE PORTUGESE
                  • PEDRO
                  • ISABELLA
                  • ANTONEY
                  • ANGELO
                    • ISABELLA AND ANTONEY MARRIED AND PRODUCED WILLIAM (1ST AFRICAN BORN IN BRITISH COLONY)
                  • CHRISTIANS COULD NOT BE ENSLAVED (1619)
                  • POPULATION OF AFRICANS WAS VERY SMALL
                • ENGLISH FOLLOWED THE SPANISH AND CALLED THESE STOLEN AFRICANS “NEGROES”

Committed to investigating, examining, and representing the African-American male, men, and manhood by offering commentary regarding the status of Black Men and Black Manhood as it relates to African-American Manhood, Race, Class, Politics, and Culture from an educated and authentic African-American perspective aimed at improving the plight of African-American men and African-American Manhood in regards to Politics, Culture, Education, and Social Matters.

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